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GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES / NATIONALITIES

This list gives the names of most countries in the world which have a population greater than 1.000.000. Entries in the adjective column tell you which word to use than referring to things that come from or relate to that country. Entries in the people column tell you what word refers to the people of that country. Very often, this word is the same as the nationality adjective, in which case it is not repeated. For example: you would refer to the Afghan capital, Kabul; and someone who comes from Afganistan is an Afghan.

Country Adjective People Language Currency Capital
Afghanistan Afghan Pashtu, Dari afghani Kabul
Albania Albanian Albanian lek Tirana
Algeria Algerian Arabic, French Algerian dinar Algiers
Angola Angolan Portuguese new kwanza Luanda
Argentina Argentine Spanish nuevo peso Buenos Aires
Armenia Armenian Armenian dram Yerevan
Australia Australian English Australian dollar Canberra
Austria Austrian German Austrian schilling Vienna
Azerbaijan Azeri Azeri manat Baku
Bangladesh Bangladeshi Bengali taka Dhaka
Belgium Belgian Dutch, French Belgian franc Brussels
Benin Beninese French, Fon CFA franc Porto-Nova
Bhutan Bhutanese Nepali ngultrum Thimphu
Bolivia Bolivian Spanish, Quecchua boliviano La Paz, Sucre
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian, Herzegovinian Serbo-Croat dinar Sarajevo
Botswana Botswanan English pula Gaborone
Brazil Brazilian Portuguese real Brasilia
Bulgaria Bulgarian Bulgarian lev Sofia
Burkina Faso Burnikabe French, Mossi CFA franc Ouagadougou
Burundi Burundi Burundian Kirundi, French Burundi franc Bujumbura
Cambodia Cambodian Khmer new riel Phnom Penh
Cameroon Cameroonian French, English CFA franc Yaounde
Canada Canadian English, French Canadian dollar Ottawa
Central African Republic Central African French, Sango CFA franc Bangui
Chad Chadian French, Arabic CFA franc N'Djamena
Chile Chilean Spanish Chilean peso Santiago
China Chinese Mandarin yuan Beijing
Colombia Colombian Spanish Colombian peso Bogota
Congo Congolese French CFA franc Brazzaville
Costa Rica Costa Rican Croatian Croatian kuna Zagreb
Cuba Cuban Spanish Cuban peso Havana
Cyprus Greek Cypriot, Turkish Cypriot Greek, Turkish Turkish Lira Nicosia, Lefkosa
Czech Republic Czech Czech, Slovak koruna Prague
Denmark Danish Dane Danish Danish krone Copenhagen
Dominican Republic Dominican Spanish Dominican peso Santo Domingo
Ecuador Ecuadorean Spanish sucre Quito
Egypt Egyptian Arabic Egyptian pound Cairo
El Salvador Salvadoran Spanish Salvadoran colon San Salvador
England English Englishman, Englishwoman English euro, pound sterlin London
Estonia Estonian Estonian kroon Tallinn
Ethiopia Ethiopian Amharic birr Addis Ababa
Finland Finnish Finn Finnish, Swedish markka Helsinki
France French Frenchman, Frenchwoman French euro, French franc Paris
Georgia Georgian Georgian, Russian lari Tbilisi
Germany German German euro, mark Berlin
Greece Greek Greek drachma Athens
Haiti Haitian French gourde Port-au-Prince
Hong Kong Hong Kong Hong Kong Chinese English, Cantonese Hong Kong dollar Victoria
Hungary Hungarian Hungarian forint Budapest
India Indian Hindi, English rupee New Delhi
Iran Iranian Farsi rial Tehran
Iraq Iraqi Arabic, Kurdish dinar Baghdad
Irish Republic Irish Irishman, Irishwoman Irish, English punt Dublin
Israel Israeli Hebrew, Arabic shekel Jerusalem, Tel Aviv
Italy Italian Italian euro Rome
Jamaica Jamaican English Jamaican dollar Kingston
Japan Japanese The Japanese Japanese yen Tokyo
Kenya Kenyan Kiswahili, English shilling Nairobi
Kuwait Kuwaiti Arabic dinar Kuwait City
Libya Libyan Arabic dinar Tripoli
Malaysia Malaysian Bahasa Malaysia ringgit Kuala Lumpur
Maldives Maldivian Divehi rufiyaa Male
Mexico Mexican Spanish peso Mexico City
Moldova Moldovan Moldovan, Romanian leu Chisinau
Morocco Moroccan Arabic, Berber dirham Rabat
Nepal Nepalese Nepali rupee Kathmandu
Netherlands Dutch Dutchman, Dutchwoman Dutch euro, guilder Amsterdam
New Zealand New Zealand New Zealander English, Maori dollar Wellington
Nigeria Nigerian English, Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo naira Abuja
North Korea North Korean Korean won Pyongyang
Norway Norwegian Norwegian krone Oslo
Pakistan Pakistani Urdu, English, Punjabi rupee Islamabad
Paraguay Paraguayan Spanish, Guarani guarani Asuncion
Peru Peruvian Spanish nuevo sol Lima
Philippines Filipino, Philippine Filipino, Filipina Filipino, English peso Manila
Poland Polish Pole Polish zloty Warsaw
Portugal Portuguese learn english Portuguese escudo Lisbon
Romania Romanian Romanian leu Bucharest
Russia Russian Russian rouble Moscow
Saudi Arabia Saudi, Arabian Arabic riyal Riyadh
Scotland Scottish, Scots Scot English, Gaelic sterling Edinburgh
Senegal Senegalese French CFA franc Dakar
Singapore Singapore, Singaporean Malay, Chinese, Tamil dollar Singapore
Slovakia Slovak Slovak koruna Bratislava
Slovenia Slovene Slovenian tolar Ljubljana
South Africa South African Afrikaans, English rand Cape Town
South Korea South Korean Korean won Seoul
Spain Spanish The Spanish Spanish peseta, euro Madrid
Sudan Sudanese Arabic pound Khartoum
Sweden Swede, Swedish Swede Swedish krona Stockholm
Switzerland Swiss German, French, Italian Swiss franc Berne
Syria Syrian Arabic pound Damascus
Taiwan Taiwanese Mandarin Chinese dollar Taipei
Thailand Thai Thai baht Bangkok
Turkey Turkish Turk Turkish lira, YTL Ankara
Turkmenistan Turkmen Turkmen manat Ashkhabad
Ukraine Ukrainian Ukrainian, Russian karbovanets Kiev
United States Of America American English dollar Washington, DC
Uruguay Uruguayan Spanish peso Montevideo
Uzbekistan Uzbek Uzbek sum Tashkent
Venezuela Venezuelan Spanish bolivar Caracas
Yemen Yemeni Arabic rial San'aa
Zimbabwe Zimbabwean English, Shona dollar Harare

Nationality is a pseudo-relationship between a person and their state of origin, culture, association, affiliation and/or loyalty.

 
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